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Legal Definition and Related Resources of Goods

Meaning of Goods

Its primary meaning is all chattels personal , capable of manual delivery , other than money . It has been said that goods include all chattels personal other than things in action and money. See Utica Carting Storage & Contracting Co. v World Fire & marine insurance Co., 100 N. Y.S.2d 941. Growing crops are goods within meaning of statute of frauds in the context of sale of goods for price of $500.00 or more. See Harris v Hine, 205 S. E.2d847, 232 Ga. 183. Statutory definitions may extend or restrict the meaning of the term, as e.g.. Fair labor Standards Act of 1938, 29 U.S.C. §203 which defines the term as follows: Goods means goods (including ships and marine equipment), wares , products, commodities, merchandise , or articles or subjects of commerce of any character , or any part or ingredient thereof, but does not include goods after their delivery into the actual physical possession of the ultimate consumer thereof other than a producer, manufacturer or processor thereof.

Goods Alternative Definition

The word goods, as a technical term of the law is nomen generalissimum,, and has a very extensive meaning. 35 N. H. 483. In Contracts. The term “goods” is not so wide as “chattels,” for it applies to inanimate objects, and does not include animals or chattels real, as a lease for years of house or land, which “chattels” does include. Co. Litt. 118; 1 Russ. 376. Goods will not include fixtures. 2 Mass. 495 ; 4 J. B. Moore, 73. In a more limited sense, “goods” is used for articles of merchandise. 2 Sharswood, Bl. Comm. 389. It has been held in Massachusetts that promissory notes were within the term “goods” in the statute of frauds (3 Mete. [Mass.] 365; but see 24 N. H. 484; 4 Dud. [S. C] 28) ; so stock or shares of an incorporated company (20 Pick. [Mass.] 9; 3 Har. & J. [Md.] 38; 15 Conn. 400); so, in some cases, bank notes and coin (2 Story [U. S.] 52; 5 Mason [U. S.] 537). See “Chattel.” In Penal Statutes. In a strict sense, as the word is understood in penal statutes, it is limited to movables belonging to the property of some person, which have an intrinsic value, and does not include securities, which are not valuable in themselves, but merely represent value. 35 N. H. 483. In Wills. In wills, goods is nomen generalissimum, and, if there is nothing to limit it, will comprehend all the personal estate of the testator, as stocks, bonds, notes, money, plate, furniture, etc. 35 N. H. 483; 1 Atk. 180-182; 2 Atk. 62; 1 P. Wms. 267; 1 Brown, Ch. 128; 4 Russ. 370; Williams, Ex’rs, 1014; 1 Rop. Leg. 250. But in general it will be limited by the context of the will. See 2 Belt, Supp. Ves. 287; 1 Chit. Prac. 89, 90; 1 Ves. Jr. 63; 3 Ves. 212; Hammond, Parties, 182; 1 Yeates (Pa.) 101; 2 Dall. (Pa.) 142; Ayliffe, Pand. 296; Weskett, Ins. 260; Sugd. Vend. 493, 497; and the articles “Biens;” “Chattel”; “Furniture.”

Synonyms of Goods


  • appurtenances
  • articles of commerce
  • assets
  • belongings
  • chattels
  • commodities
  • consumer durables
  • durables
  • effects
  • items
  • materials
  • paraphernalia
  • personal estate
  • possessions
  • produce
  • products
  • property
  • resources
  • staples
  • stock
  • stock in trade
  • supplies
  • things for sale
  • vendibles
  • Associated Concepts: bulk sale
  • chattels
  • foreign goods
  • goods and chattels
  • goods sold and delivered
  • personalty
  • sale of goods
  • special goods
  • tangible goods

Related Entries of Goods in the Encyclopedia of Law Project

Browse or run a search for Goods in the American Encyclopedia of Law, the Asian Encyclopedia of Law, the European Encyclopedia of Law, the UK Encyclopedia of Law or the Latin American and Spanish Encyclopedia of Law.

Goods in Historical Law

You might be interested in the historical meaning of this term. Browse or search for Goods in Historical Law in the Encyclopedia of Law.

Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms

Search for legal acronyms and/or abbreviations containing Goods in the Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Dictionary.

Related Legal Terms

You might be also interested in these legal terms:

Mentioned in these terms

Acceptance, Actual Cash Value, Affreightment, Appraiser, As Is, Asportation, Attach, Auction, Auctioneer, Average, Bailment, Barter, , , Bill Of Lading, Bill Of Sale, C.i.f., C.o.d., Canvasser, Cargo, Carrier, Cartel, Charter Party, Chattels, Chose, Clough, Commandeer, Commercial Broker, Commission Agent, Commodity, Common Carrier, Community, Conceal, Conditional Sale, Consign, Consignment, Consume, Consumer, Contraband, Conversion, Corporeal, Credit, Customs, Dead Pledge, Dealer, , Del Credere, Delivery, Demurrage, Deposit, Depot, Detinue, Distrain, Elevator, Eloigne, Eloignment, F.a.s., F.o.b., Factor, Factor’s Lien, Factory, Factory Price, Fair Labor Standards Act, Felony, Fence, Ferry, Fieri Facias, Flotsam, Forcible Detainer, Free Ships, Freight, Fungibles, Goods Sold And Delivered, Grand Larceny, Hawker, , Import, Importation, Imports, Impost, Impound, In Bond, Infringement, Inventory, Jactus, Jetsam, Landed, Landing, , , , Ligan, Manifest, Market, Means Of Support, Merchandise, Merchantable, Merchantability, Mesne Process, Misdemeanor, Movable, , Oligopoly, On Approval, Sale, On Arrival, Order, Owner, Palming Off, Parcels, Bill Of, Passing Off, Pawn Broker, Pawnee, Pawnor, , Pedlar, Perishable, Personal Action, Personal Property, Pledge, , Possession, Pound Breach, Primage, Proceeds, Puffing, Quality, Real Action, Recaption, Receipt, Reciprocal Dealing, Regalia, Remit, Replevin, Replevy, Repossession, Rescue, Writ Of Restitution, Revendication, Robbery, , Sale Of Goods, Sample, Search Warrant, Security, Selective Taxes, Seller, Shipment, Shipper, Simple Larceny, Smuggling, Special Interest, Specific Goods, Specific Performance, Stamp, Staple, Steal, Stealing, Stock, Stoppage In Transitu, Store, Stowage, Suicide, Tally Trade, , Things, Tollbooth, , Trade, Trade Acceptance, Trade Mark, Trading Stamps, Traffic, Transportation, Trover, Trust Receipt.


You might be interested in these references tools:

Resource Description
Goods in the Dictionary Goods in our legal dictionaries
Browse the Legal Thesaurus Find synonyms and related words of Goods
Legal Maxims Maxims are established principles that jurists use as interpretive tools, invoked more frequently in international law
Legal Answers (Q&A) A community-driven knowledge creation process, of enduring value to a broad audience
Related topics Goods in the World Encyclopedia of Law


This definition of Goods is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary . This entry needs to be proofread.

Vocabularies (Semantic Web Information)


Resource Description
Topic Map A group of names, occurrences and associations
Topic Tree A topic display format, showing the hierarchy
Sitemap Index Sitemap Index, including Taxonomies
https://legaldictionary.lawin.org/goods/ The URI of Goods (more about URIs)

Goods in the United States

Goods in Connecticut

means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. General Statutes of Connecticut (U.S.) § 42a-9-102(a)(44) (2011).

Goods in Law Enforcement

Main Entry: Law Enforcement in the Legal Dictionary. This section provides, in the context of Law Enforcement, a partial definition of goods.


See Also

  • Law Enforcement Officer
  • Police Work
  • Law Enforcement Agency

Further Reading

English Legal System: Goods

In the context of the English law, A Dictionary of Law provides the following legal concept of Goods :

Personal chattels or items of property. Land is excluded, and the statutory definition in the Sale of Goods Act 1979 also excludes *choses in action and money. It includes *emblements and things attached to or forming part of land that are agreed to be severed before sale or under a contract of sale.

Definition of Goods

In relation to social issues, a meaning of goods is provided here: objects that can be held or touched that can satisfy people’s wants.


What are Goods?

A definition of goods is: A term of variable content and meaning. It may include every species of personal property or it may be given a very restricted meaning. More details on the Encyclopedia.

More about the Concept of Goods

Items of merchandise, supplies, raw materials, or finished goods. Sometimes the meaning of “goods” is extended to include all tangible items, as in the phrase “goods and services. More details on the Encyclopedia.”


All things (including specially manufactured goods) which are movable at the time of identification to the contract for sale other than the money in which the price is to be paid, investment securities and things in action. More details on the Encyclopedia. Also includes the unborn of animals and growing crops and other identified things attached to realty as fixtures. United States Uniform Commercial Code § 2-105(1). More details on the Encyclopedia. All things treated as movable for the purposes of a contract of storage or transportation. United States Uniform Commercial Code § 7-102(1)(f). In context of U. C., includes used goods.


As used with reference to secured transactions, goods include all things which are movable at the time the security interest attaches or which are fixtures, but does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like (including oil and gas) before extraction. More details on the Encyclopedia. “Goods” also includes standing timber which is to be cut and removed under a conveyance or contract for sale, the unborn young of animals, and growing crops. United States Uniform Commercial Code § 9-105(h).[1]



  1. “Goods” in the White America Dictionary (New York, Los Angeles, London, New Delhy, Hong Kong, 1989)

See Also

  • Confusion of goods
  • Future goods
  • Identification of goods


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