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Legal Definition and Related Resources of Sample

Meaning of Sample

A relatively small quantity of material , or an individual object , from which the quantity of the mass, group, species, etc., which it represents may be inferred; a specimen; a small quantity of some commodity , presented or sold to customers as a specimen of goods offered for sale. A sale by sample is where a small quantity of commodity is exhibited by the seller as a fair specimen of the bulk, which is not present and which there is no opportunity to inspect or examine. Hall v Puget sound Bridge & Dry Dock Co., 66 Wash.2d 442, 403 P.2d41. Where goods are sold by sample there are t.r.e. conditions implied in such a sale, namely , that (1) the bulk shall correspond with the sample in quality ; (2) the buyer shall have a reasonable opportunity of comparing the bulk with the sample; and (3) the goods shall be free from any defect rendering them unmerchantable, which would not be apparent on reasonable examination of the sample. See Hall Mfg. Co. v Schoenling Brewing Co., 168 N.E.2d 1, 171 Ohio St. 75. §2-313(l)(c) of U.C.C. provides: Any sample or model which is made part of the basis of the bargain creates an express warranty that the whole of the goods shall conform to the sample or model.

Sample Alternative Definition

A small quantity of any commodity or merchandise, exhibited as a specimen of a larger quantity, called the “bulk.” A fair representation of the whole; a part shown as a specimen. 33 Gratt. (Va.) 904. When a sale is made by sample, and it afterwards turns out that the bulk does not correspond with it, the purchaser is not, in general, bound to take the property on a compensation being made to him for the difference. 1 Campb. 113. See 2 East, 314; 4 Campb. 22; 9 Wend. (N. Y.) 20; 12 Wend. (N. Y.) 413, 566; 5 Johns. (N. Y.) 395; 6 N. Y. 73, 95; 13 Mass. 139; 2 Nott & McC. (S. C.) 538; 3 Rawle (Pa.) 37; 14 Mees & W. 651.

Synonyms of Sample


  • archetype
  • case in point
  • cross section
  • documentum
  • ensample
  • example
  • exemplar
  • exemplification
  • exemplum
  • guide
  • illustration
  • instance
  • model
  • original
  • paradigm
  • prototype
  • representation
  • representative
  • representative selection
  • showpiece
  • specimen
  • standard of comparison
  • swatch
  • typical example

Related Entries of Sample in the Encyclopedia of Law Project

Browse or run a search for Sample in the American Encyclopedia of Law, the Asian Encyclopedia of Law, the European Encyclopedia of Law, the UK Encyclopedia of Law or the Latin American and Spanish Encyclopedia of Law.

Sample in Historical Law

You might be interested in the historical meaning of this term. Browse or search for Sample in Historical Law in the Encyclopedia of Law.

Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms

Search for legal acronyms and/or abbreviations containing Sample in the Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Dictionary.

Related Legal Terms

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Mentioned in these terms

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Related topics Sample in the World Encyclopedia of Law


This definition of Sample is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary . This entry needs to be proofread.

Vocabularies (Semantic Web Information)

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Topic Map A group of names, occurrences and associations
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Sitemap Index Sitemap Index, including Taxonomies The URI of Sample (more about URIs)

Definition of Sample

The Canada social science dictionary [1] provides the following meaning of Sample: When it is difficult to conduct a census of an entire population, a researcher will work with a portion of that population, a sample, which is thought to be representative of the population in question. Researchers typically try to ensure that a sample has been drawn in a random fashion. This ensures that the distribution of population characteristic
s corresponds to the assumptions of probability theory. This allows inferences to be drawn about the population. Many times non-random samples are used, however.

Sample: Resources

Notes and References

  • Drislane, R., & Parkinson, G. (2016). (Concept of) Sample. Online dictionary of the social sciences. Open University of Canada

What is the meaning of Sample?

A definition of Sample is provided here: A representative group of a market population.

Concept of Sample

In relation to securing dangerous material (in case of crisis or terrorism) a meaning of sample may be outlined, in general regarding European law, as follows: A small part selected for inspection or analysis.[1]


Notes and References

  1. Definition of sample published by the European Commission



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