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Legal Definition and Related Resources of Officer

Meaning of Officer

The incumbent of an office ; one who is lawfully invested with an office

Officer Alternative Definition

The incumbent of an office. The term is ordinarily applied to the incumbent of a public office, though it may be otherwise applied, as to the officer of a corporation. A public officer is one occupying a public office, to whom a portion of the sovereign power is delegated, and whose duties are continuous in their nature, and prescribed by law. The distinction between an officer and a government employee is that the duties of the former are fixed by law, and not by contract. 22 Conn. 379; 36 Miss. 273; 42 N. Y. Super. Ct. 481. Executive Officers. Those whose duties are mainly to cause the laws to be executed. For example, the president of the United States of America, and the several governors of the different states, are executive officers. Their duties are pointed out in the national constitution, and in the constitutions of the several states. Legislative Officers. Those whose duties relate mainly to the enactment of laws, such as members of congress and of the several state legislatures. These officers are confined in their duties, by the constitution, generally to make laws ; though sometimes, in cases of impeachment, one of the houses of the legislature exercises judicial functions somewhat similar to those of a grand jury, by presenting to the other articles of impeachment, and the other house acts as a court in trying such impeachments. The legislatures have, besides, the power to inquire into the conduct of their members, judge of their elections, and the like. Judicial Officers. Those whose duties are to decide controversies between individuals, and accusations made in the name of the public against persons charged with a violation of the law. Ministerial Officers. Those whose duty it is to execute the mandates, lawfully is.sued, of their superiors. Military Officers. Those who have command in the army. I- Naval Officers. Those who are in command in the navy.

Related Entries of Officer in the Encyclopedia of Law Project

Browse or run a search for Officer in the American Encyclopedia of Law, the Asian Encyclopedia of Law, the European Encyclopedia of Law, the UK Encyclopedia of Law or the Latin American and Spanish Encyclopedia of Law.

Officer in Historical Law

You might be interested in the historical meaning of this term. Browse or search for Officer in Historical Law in the Encyclopedia of Law.

Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms

Search for legal acronyms and/or abbreviations containing Officer in the Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Dictionary.

Related Legal Terms

You might be also interested in these legal terms:

Mentioned in these terms

Acknowledgment, , Arrest, Attorney, Attorney General, Bailiff, Ballot, Canvass, Cashier, Certified Check, Certified Copy, Chancellor, Clear View Doctrine, Collation, Color Of Authority, Commissary, Commission, Constable, Constat, Consul, Convoy, Coroner, Crier, Custody, Deposition, District Attorney, Elisor, Employer, , Fresh Pursuit, Hayward, Herald, Impeachment, Indictment, Information, Inquest, Insider, Intern, Jailer, Joint Resolution, Judge, Judicial Power, Judicial Sale, Jurat, Justice Of The Peace, Magistrate, Major, Malfeasance, Mandamus, Marshal, Master, Miranda Warning, Misapplication, Mittimus, Next Friend, Nonfeasance, Notary, Obstructing Justice, Official, Oppression, Plain View Doctrine, Poundage, President, Prothonotary, Provost, Reasonable Cause, Receiver, Record, Rector, Remembrancer, Report, Reports, Request, Return, Ruling, Scavaidus, Search, Search Warrant, Secretary, Sequestration, Sergeant, Sergeant At Arms, Sheriff, Sheriff Sale, Solicitor-general, Stenographer, Stickler, Summons, Tipstaff, Treasurer.

Translate Reporting Officer from English to Spanish

Translation of Reporting Officer, with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Agente de parte and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Officer from English to Spanish

Translation of Officer , with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Agente and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Probation Officer from English to Spanish

Translation of Probation Officer , with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Agente del régimen probatorio and other legal terms is available here.


You might be interested in these references tools:

Resource Description
Officer in the Dictionary Officer in our legal dictionaries
Browse the Legal Thesaurus Find synonyms and related words of Officer
Legal Maxims Maxims are established principles that jurists use as interpretive tools, invoked more frequently in international law
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Related topics Officer in the World Encyclopedia of Law


This definition of Officer is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary . This entry needs to be proofread.

Vocabularies (Semantic Web Information)


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Topic Map A group of names, occurrences and associations
Topic Tree A topic display format, showing the hierarchy
Sitemap Index Sitemap Index, including Taxonomies The URI of Officer (more about URIs)

English Spanish Translation of Officer

Officer of the law: Agente de la Ley

Find other English to Spanish translations from the Pocket Spanish English Legal Dictionary (print and online), the English to Spanish to English dictionaries (like Officer) and the Word reference legal translator.


This term is a noun.

Etimology of Officer

(You may find officer at the world legal encyclopedia and the etimology of more terms).

early 14c., “one who holds an office” (originally a high office), from Old French oficier “officer, official” (early 14c.), from Medieval Latin officarius “an officer,” from Latin officium “a service, a duty” (see office). The military sense is first recorded 1560s. Applied to petty officials of justice from 16c.; U.S. use in reference to policemen is from 1880s.



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