Legal Definition and Related Resources of Incumbent

Meaning of Incumbent

A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office ; one who is legally authorized to discharge duties of an office.

Incumbent Alternative Definition

Prom the verb incumbo, that is, to be diligently resident; and when it is written encumbent, it is falsely written. Co. Litt. 119b. See Termes de la Ley. One who is in possession of an office and is legally authorized to discharge the duties of that office; as, the present incumbent. 11 Ohio 50. In Ecclesiastical Law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure. He is so called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties.

Synonyms of Incumbent


  • bureaucrat
  • commissioner
  • dignitary
  • functionary
  • holder of an office
  • job holder
  • minister
  • occupant of an office
  • officebearer
  • officeholder
  • officer
  • official
  • person in authority
  • Associated Concepts: de facto incumbent
  • incumbent officer

Related Entries of Incumbent in the Encyclopedia of Law Project

Browse or run a search for Incumbent in the American Encyclopedia of Law, the Asian Encyclopedia of Law, the European Encyclopedia of Law, the UK Encyclopedia of Law or the Latin American and Spanish Encyclopedia of Law.

Incumbent in Historical Law

You might be interested in the historical meaning of this term. Browse or search for Incumbent in Historical Law in the Encyclopedia of Law.

Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms

Search for legal acronyms and/or abbreviations containing Incumbent in the Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Dictionary.

Related Legal Terms

You might be also interested in these legal terms:

Mentioned in these terms

Curate, Induction, Officer, Successors.


You might be interested in these references tools:

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Related topics Incumbent in the World Encyclopedia of Law


This definition of Incumbent is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary . This entry needs to be proofread.

Vocabularies (Semantic Web Information)

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Topic Map A group of names, occurrences and associations
Topic Tree A topic display format, showing the hierarchy
Sitemap Index Sitemap Index, including Taxonomies The URI of Incumbent (more about URIs)

Meaning of Incumbent in Political Science

A very basic notion of Incumbent related to the United States’election law is provided here: A person who holds an office

Meaning of Incumbent in the Past

A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so called because he does or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an office, as, the present incumbent. [1]


Notes and References

  1. Partialy, this information about incumbent is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, including incumbent.

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