Palsgraf Rule

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Palsgraf Rule

Meaning of Palsgraf Rule

The rule derived from Justice Cardozo’s opinion in Palsgraf v Long Island R. Co., 248 N. Y. 339, 162 N.E. 99, holding that a defendant ‘s negligence , not at large or in the abstract , but in relation to the plaintiff , would entail liability for any and all consequences, however novel or extraordinary. This rule has been interpreted to mean that the foreseeable risk to a plaintiff created a corresponding duty on the defendant and should the defendant breach such duty, he is liable for any resulting injury within the orbit or scope of such risk, provided the defendant’s conduct was a cause in fact of such injury. See Tropea v Shell Oil Co., (C.A.2.N. Y.)307 F.2d 757.

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