Meaning of Reversal in the Past
First. A declaration by which a sovereign promises that he will observe a certain order or certain conditions, which have been once established, despite any changes that may happen to cause a deviation therefrom; as, for example, when the French court, consented for the first time, in 1745, to grant to Elizabeth, the Czarina of Russia, the title of empress, exacted as a reversal, a declaration purporting that the assumption of the title of an imperial government (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.S. encyclopedia), by Russia, should not dero-gate from the rank which France (see more about this legal system) had held towards her. Secondly. Those letters are also termed reversals, Litterae Reversales, by which a sovereign declares that, by a particular act of his, he does not mean to prejudice a third power. Of this we have an example in history: formerly, the emperor of Germany (see more about this legal system) , whose coronation, according to the golden ball, ought to have been solemnized at Aix-la-Chapelle, gave to that city when he was crowned elsewhere, reversals, by which he declared that such coronation took place in addition to its rights and without drawing any consequences therefrom for the future.
Notes and References
- Partialy, this information about reversal is based on the BouvierÂ´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the BouvierÂ´s Law Dictionary, including reversal.
Reversal (Appellate Process)