Court in Law Enforcement

Main Entry: Law Enforcement in the Legal Dictionary. This section provides, in the context of Law Enforcement, a partial definition of court.


This term is a noun.

Etimology of Court

(You may find court at the world legal encyclopedia and the etimology of more terms).

late 12c., from Old French cort (11c., Modern French cour) “king’s court, princely residence,” from Latin cortem, accusative of cors (earlier cohors) “enclosed yard,” and by extension (and perhaps by association with curia “sovereign’s assembly”), “those assembled in the yard; company, cohort,” from com- “together” (see com-) + stem hort- related to hortus “garden, plot of ground” (see yard (n.1)). Sporting sense is from 1510s, originally of tennis. Legal meaning is from late 13c. (early assemblies for justice were overseen by the sovereign personally).

Meaning of Court in Spanish

Description/ translation of court into Spanish: tribunal, corte; court of record: tribunal de segunda instancia, tribunal superior (llamado así porque de sus actuaciones se levanta acta); court of non-record: tribunal inferior, tribunal de primera instancia (aquel de cuyas actuaciones no se levanta acta); court of appeal (in the law of the United States/ en el derecho de los Estados Unidos) = appellate court, probate court: tribunal de apelación; court reporter: taquígrafo de los tribunales; a plurality of the court: mayoría relativa (del tribunal); out of court: fuera del tribunal, fuera de estrados (en ningún caso puede traducirse por extrajudicial); in court testimony: testimonio ante el tribunal (no necesariamente en la propia sala del juicio); lower court: tribunal de instancia, tribunal inferior, tribunal de primera instancia; trial court: tribunal de primera instancia (es decir, aquel al que se somete al acusado a juicio oral); leave of court: acuerdo, anuencia, concurrencia del juez o tribunal (ej: leave of court is required for the dismissal of an indictment); split court: tribunal dividido, escindido (que decide sólo por la mayoría mínima requerida); open court: sesión pública[1]

Note: for more information on related terms and on the area of law where court belongs (criminal procedure law), in Spanish, see here.

Notes and References

  1. Translation of Court published by Antonio Peñaranda


Legal English Vocabulary: Court in Spanish

Online translation of the English legal term court into Spanish: tribunal (English to Spanish translation) . More about legal dictionary from english to spanish online.

Related to the Legal Thesaurus


See Also

  • Law Enforcement Officer
  • Policeman
  • Law Enforcement Agency

Further Reading

English Legal System: Court

In the context of the English law, A Dictionary of Law provides the following legal concept of Court :

1. A body established by law for the administration of justice by *judges or *magistrates.

2. A hall or building in which a court is held.

3. a. The residence of a sovereig b. The sovereign and her (or his) family and attendants or officials of state.

Justice System: court

Court Meaning in the U.S. Court System

Government entity presided over by judges and authorized by statute to resolve legal disputes. Judges sometimes use “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court has read the briefs.”

Meaning of Court in the U.S. Legal System

Definition of Court published by the National Association for Court Management: Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. Judges sometimes use “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court has read the briefs.”




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