This term is a noun.

Etimology of Evidence

(You may find evidence at the world legal encyclopedia and the etimology of more terms).

c. 1300, “appearance from which inferences may be drawn,” from Old French evidence, from Late Latin evidentia “proof,” in classical Latin “distinction, vivid presentation, clearness” in rhetoric, from stem of Latin evidens “obvious, apparent” (see evident). Meaning “ground for belief” is from late 14c.; that of “obviousness” is from 1660s and tacks closely to the sense of evident. Legal senses are from c. 1500, when it began to oust witness. Also “one who furnishes testimony, witness” (1590s); hence turn (State’s) evidence.

Meaning of Evidence in Spanish

Description/ translation of evidence into Spanish: prueba (cada uno de los elementos aportados por las partes que contribuyen a formar la convicción del órgano juzgador); preconceived evidence: prueba anticipada; character evidence rule: principio de prueba que prohibe traer a colación la personalidad del acusado; to misstate evidence: tergiversar las pruebas; exculpatory evidence: prueba de descargo; material evidence: prueba esencial, piezas de convicción; materiality of the evidence: pertinencia de la prueba; evidence in chief: declaración testifical (a instancia de la parte proponente); privileged evidence: prueba protegida; strength of evidence: solidez de la prueba; preponderance of evidence: prueba preponderante (principio de la justicia civil que autoriza al juzgador a decidir en función de la fuerza comparativa de las pruebas presentadas; obsérvese que en la justicia penal rige el principio de la “libre apreciación de la prueba” (fr: conviction intime; ing: conviction beyond any reasonable doubt)); prejudicial evidence: (SUG) prueba prejuzgadora (la que puede inducir a un juez o jurado a decidir en un sentido determinado); real evidence: prueba(s) material(es) (incluye tanto objetos como documentos); rebuttal evidence: contraprueba, prueba refutadora; non-evidentiary trial proceedings: actuaciones procesales no probatorias; direct evidence: testimonio directo (el suministrado por un testigo presencial); circumstantial evidence: prueba indiciaria; evanescent evidence: (SUG) prueba perecedera (la que puede desaparecer rápidamente, como la tasa de alcoholemia); opinion evidence: (SUG) prueba de opinión (la consistente en la opinión subjetiva del testigo, por ejemplo, el dictamen de un perito; salvo en este caso, se trata de una prueba no admitida)[1]

Note: for more information on related terms and on the area of law where evidence belongs (criminal procedure law), in Spanish, see here.

Notes and References

  1. Translation of Evidence published by Antonio Peñaranda


Legal English Vocabulary: Evidence in Spanish

Online translation of the English legal term evidence into Spanish: (English to Spanish translation) . More about legal dictionary from english to spanish online.

Related to the Legal Thesaurus


See Also

  • Law Dictionaries.
  • Freedom of the Press.

    Attorney-Client Privilege; Best Evidence; Character Evidence; Circumstantial Evidence; Cumulative Evidence; Derivative Evidence; Direct Evidence; DNA Evidence; Documentary Evidence; Exclusionary Rule; Extrinsic Evidence; Forensic Science; Parol Evidence; Privileged Communication; Polygraph.

    Analytical instrumentation; Animal evidence; Anthropology; Anthropometry; Artificial fibers; Autopsy; Ballistic fingerprints; Bloodstain evidence; Bite analysis; Crime scene investigation; Crime scene reconstruction; CODIS: Combined DNA Index System; Death, cause of; Decomposition; DNA fingerprint; Entomology; Exhumation; Fingerprint; Hair analysis; Impression evidence; Pathology; Trace evidence.


  • Further Reading

    Among the many modern treatises on the law of evidence those of J. H. Wigmore are often accorded the highest authority. See also studies by M. J. Saks and R. Van Duizend (1983); P. Achinstein (1984); I. Younger and M. Goldsmith (1984); J. H. Friedenthal and M. Singer (1985).

    More Further Reading

    Barrett, W. F. On the Threshold of a New World. London: Kegan Paul, 1908. Revised as On the Threshold of the Unseen: An Examination of the Phenomena of Spiritualism and of the Evidence for Survival After Death. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1971.

    Dingwall, Eric J., and John Langdon-Davies. The Unknown-Is It Nearer? New York: New American Library, 1956.

    Ducasse, C. J. Paranormal Phenomena, Science, and Life After Death. New York: Parapsychology Foundation, 1969.

    Garrett, Eileen J. My Life As a Search for the Meaning of Mediumship. London: Rider, 1939. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

    Heywood, Rosalind. ESP: A Personal Memoir. London: Chat-to & Windus, 1964. Reprint, New York: E. P. Dutton, 1964.

    Leonard, Gladys Osborne. My Life in Two Worlds. London: Cassell, 1931.

    Marbewick, Betty. “The Soal-Goldney Experiments with Basil Shackleton: New Evidence of Data Manipulation.” Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 56, no. 211 (May 1978).

    Murchison, Carl A., ed. The Case For and Against Psychical Belief. Worcester, Mass.: Clark University, 1927. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

    Neff, H. Richard. Psychic Phenomena and Religion: ESP, Prayer, Healing, Survival. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971.

    Podmore, Frank. Studies in Psychical Research. New York: G. P. Putnam’s and Son, 1897. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

    Prince, Walter Franklin. The Enchanted Boundary: Being a Survey of Negative Reactions to Claims of Psychic Phenomena, 1820-1930. Boston, Mass.: Boston Society for Psychic Re-search, 1930. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

    Rao, K. Ramakrishna. Experimental Parapsychology: A Review and Interpretation. Springfield, Ill.: Thomas, 1966.

    Rhine, Louisa E. Mind Over Matter: Psychokinesis. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Reprint, New York: Collier, 1972.

    Smythies, J. R., ed. Science and ESP. New York: Humanities Press, 1967.

    Tuckett, Ivor L. The Evidence for the Supernatural. London, 1911.

    Tyrrell, G. N. M. Science and Psychical Phenomena. New York: Harper, 1938. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

    U.S. Federal Rules of Evidence Resources

    See Also

  • Law Dictionaries.
  • Ethical issues; Evidence; Expert witnesses; Frye standard; Forensics; Warren Earl Burger; Grand Jury.

    Evidence; Expert witnesses; Federal rules of evidence; Frye standard; U.S. Supreme Court (rulings on forensic evidence).

  • Further Reading

    Evidence in Law Enforcement

    Main Entry: Law Enforcement in the Legal Dictionary. This section provides, in the context of Law Enforcement, a partial definition of evidence.


    See Also

    • Law Enforcement Officer
    • Policeman
    • Law Enforcement Agency

    Further Reading

    English Legal System: Evidence

    In the context of the English law, A Dictionary of Law provides the following legal concept of Evidence :

    That which tends to prove the existence or nonexistence of some fact. It may consist of *testimony, *documentary evidence, *real evidence, and, when admissible, *hearsay evidence. The law of evidence comprises all the rules governing the presentation of facts and proof in proceedings before a court, including in particular the rules governing the *admissibility of evidence and the *exclusionary rules.

    See also circumstantial evidence; conclusive evidence; direct evidence; extrinsic evidence; primary evidence; secondary evidence; video evidence.

    (noun) information presented to a court to prove or support a point in question

    Evidence Meaning in the U.S. Court System

    Physical material or information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case in favor of one side or the other. The federal courts must follow the Federal Rules of Evidence.

    Meaning of Evidence in the U.S. Legal System

    Definition of Evidence published by the National Association for Court Management: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.

    Evidence (Criminal Judicial Process)



    Hierarchical Display of Evidence

    Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Legal hearing

    Meaning of Evidence

    Overview and more information about Evidence

    For a more comprehensive understanding of Evidence, see in the general part of the online platform.[rtbs name=”xxx-xxx”]


    Translation of Evidence

    Thesaurus of Evidence

    Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Legal hearing > Evidence

    See also


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