Free Online Dictionary of Law Terms and Legal Definitions     Legal Dictionaries of the Encyclopedia of Law Project
Search in more than 1.500.000 entries

Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: Judicial definitions (788)

 

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as Judicial definitions

 

 

Ab initio

(Lat. initium, beginning). From the beginning; entirely; as to all the acts done; in the inception. An estate may be said to be good, an agreement to be void, an act to be unlawful, a trespass to have existed, ab initio. Plowd. 6a; 11 East, 395; 10 Johns. (N. Y.) 253, 369; 1 Bl. Comm. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, Roman Law, and Synonyms. Tags: AB, Ability, Historical , Law Enforcement, and Legal Translation .



Abatement

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Abatement Meaning of Abatement A reduction; decrease; as in abatement of pecuniary legacies; where the funds or assets out of which legacies are payable are not sufficient to pay all the legacies in full, [...]

Categories: A, Administrative Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Definition, Environmental Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, Roman Law, and Synonyms. Tags: AB, Abatement, Accounting, Accouting, chancery practice, Contracts, Etimology, Financial Law, Formato Extenso, Historical , Law Enforcement, Long Read, Most Popular, Nuisance, pleading, Remedies , Revival, and wills.



Actio

In civil law. A specifl.c mode of enforcing a right before the courts of law, e. g., legis actio; actio sacramenti. In this sense we speak of actions in our law, e. g., the action of debt. The right to a remedy, thus: Ex irndo pacta non oritur actio, no right of action can arise upon a [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Definition, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AC, Actio, Action, Civil law Legal History, Historical , Latin, and Roman.



Action In Personam

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Action in personam Meaning of Action in personam See "Actio in Personam." Action In Personam Legal Definition Action "against the person", personal liability. As [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AC, Action Action, Admiralty Law, Historical , Legal Definition , and Legal Translation .



Action In Rem

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Action in rem Meaning of Action in rem See "Actio in Rem." Action In Rem Legal Definition Action "against the thing" as compared to personal actions (in personam). [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AC, Action, Admiralty Law, Historical , Legal Definition , Legal Translation , and Louisiana law.



Ad quod damnum

(Lat.) What injury. A writ issuing out of and returnable into chancery, directed to the sheriff, commanding him to inquire by a jury what damage it will be to the king, or any other, to grant a liberty, fair, market, highway, or the like. The name is derived from the characteristic words [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Environmental Law, Family Law, Intellectual Property, International Law, Judicial definitions, and Labor Law. Tags: AD, Historical , and Legal History.



Address

In Equity Pleading. That part of a bill which contains the appropriate and technical description of the court where the plaintiff seeks his remedy. Coop. Eq. PI. 8; Bart. Suit in Eq. 26; Story, Eq. PI. S 26; Van Heythuysen, Eq. Draft. 2. In Legislation. A formal request addressed to the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Environmental Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: AD, chancery Plead, equity practice, Historical , and Legislation.



Allodial

From the low Latin allodium: every man's own land, which he possesses in his own right, without owing any rent or service to a superior - property, in the highest degree. Opposed, feodum, a fee.7 Wholly independent, and held of no superior.8 Held in free and absolute ownership. All lands . [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AL and Historical .



Audit

An examination and full scrutiny of accounts. The act of so examining and scrutineering accounts implies an informed endeavour to weigh and judge the truth and correctness of the accounts. The act of inspecting and examining implies an informed endeavour to weigh and judge the truth and [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Definition, Judicial definitions, Roman Law, Synonyms, and Tax Law. Tags: Accounting, Accouting, AU, Audit, Business And Competition, Financial Law, Governance, Historical , Management, Management accounting, Management techniques, Most Popular, and US Tax Law.



Audita Querela

(Lat.) A form of action which lies for a defendant to recall or prevent an execution, on account of some matter occurring after judgment amounting to a discharge, and which could not have been, and cannot be, taken advantage of otherwise. 12 Mass. 270. It is a regular suit, in which the [...]

Categories: A, Administrative Law, Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AU, Audit, Audita Querela, Historical , and Latin.



Auter

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Auter Meaning of Auter (Law Fr.) Another. This word is frequently used in composition, as auter droit, auter vie, auter action, etc. Browse You might be interested in these references tools: [...]

Categories: A and Judicial definitions. Tags: AU and Historical .



Autrefois Acquit

The term literally means formerly acquitted. In criminal law, a special plea and, if proved, constitutes a complete bar to further proceedings. The plea is founded upon the constitutional guarantee against double jeopardy in proceedings in federal tribunals, and from common law [...]

Categories: A, Administrative Law, Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Definition, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AU, Double Jeopardy Autrefois, Historical , Law Enforcement, and pleading.



Autrefois Convict

French. means formerly convicted. In criminal proceedings, this is a special plea meaning that the accused had been formerly charged with and convicted of the same crime . If proved, such a plea is a complete bar to further proceedings. See also double jeopardy .

Categories: A, Administrative Law, Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Definition, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: AU, Autrefois, Double Jeopardy, Historical , and pleading.



Averment

In pleading. A positive statement of facts, as opposed to an argumentative or inferential one. Cowp. 683; Bac. Abr. Pleas (B). Averments must contain not only matter, but form. In old pleading, the conclusion' of a plea, whereby the pleader alleged his readiness to verify [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property, Judicial definitions, Procedure Law, Roman Law, and Synonyms. Tags: AV, Averment, Court, Historical , pleading, and US Law .



Avoidance

A making void, useless, or empty. In Ecclesiastical Law. It exists when a beneiice becomes vacant for want of an incumbent. In Pleading. Repelling or excluding the conclusions or implications arising from the admission of the truth of the allegations of the opposite party. See [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Judicial definitions, Roman Law, and Synonyms. Tags: AV, Church Law, Ecclesiastical Law, Historical , and pleading.



Avow

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Avow Meaning of Avow To acknowledge the commission of an act, and claim that it was done with right. 3 Bl. Comm. 150. To make an avowry. For example, when replevin is brought for a thing distrained, and [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Family Law, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: AV, Etimology, Historical , Law Enforcement, and Legal Process.



Bailiwick

The jurisdiction of a sheriff or bailiff. 1 Bl. Comm. 344, A liberty or exclusive jurisdiction which was exempted from the sheriflf of the county, and over which the lord appointed a bailiff, with such powers within his precinct as the under sheriff exercised under the sheriflf of the county. [...]

Categories: B, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: BA and Historical .



Bank

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Bank Meaning of Bank An association or corporation whose business it is to receive money on deposit , cash checks or drafts, discount commercial papers, make loans and issue promissory notes payable to [...]

Categories: A, B, Civil Law, Definition, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: BA, Banking, Comercial Law, Cooperatives, Finance, Financial institution, Financial institutions and credit, Formato Extenso, Historical , Latin, Long Read, Monetary economics, and Monetary policy.



Bar

Hello Legal Definition and Related Resources of Bar Meaning of Bar In the ordinary court , the bar is a more or less imaginary barrier separating the bench and the front row of counsel 's seats from the rest of the court. In procedure a barrier [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal Law, Definition, Financial Terminology, Judicial definitions, Legal Practice, and Synonyms. Tags: actions, Attorney, BA, Contracts, Etimology, Finance Definition, Formato Extenso, Historical , Law Enforcement, Long Read, Materials technology, Non-flat product, practice, Production, Technology And Research, Technology and technical regulations, and US Law.



Baron

A general titl& of nobility (1 Bl. Comm. 398) ; a particular title of nobility, next to that of viscount; a judge of the exchequer (Cowell; 1 Bl. Comm. 44). A husband. In this sense it occurs in the phrase baron et feme, husband and wife (1 Bl. Comm. 432), and this is the oply sense in [...]

Categories: A, B, and Judicial definitions. Tags: BA, French, and Historical .



Barrister

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Barrister Meaning of Barrister In England, the legal profession is divided into two categories; barristers and solicitors. Barristers are those who have been called to the bar by one of the Four Inns, [...]

Categories: B, Criminal Law, Definition, Family Law Dictionary, Judicial definitions, Roman Law, and Synonyms. Tags: BA, Criminal Procedure Law, Etimology, Family Law Definitions, Formato Extenso, Historical , Justice System, Law Enforcement, and Long Read.



Battel

Trial by combat. It was called also wager of battel or battaile,' and could be claimed in appeals of felony. It was of frequent use in affairs of chivalry and honor, and in civil cases upon certain issues. Co. Litt. § 294. It was not abolished in England [...]

Categories: A, B, and Judicial definitions. Tags: BA, French, and Historical .



Battery

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Battery Meaning of Battery The wilful and unlawful use of force on the person of another. Every battery includes an assault which is merely an unlawful attempt or offer to use force to the injury of [...]

Categories: B, Criminal Law, Definition, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: BA, Etimology, Historical , Law Enforcement, Legal Translation , and Most Popular.



Bench

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Bench Meaning of Bench The court considered in its official capacity , while the judge or judges are sitting; remarks from the bench are those made by a judge or judges during such a session ; the body [...]

Categories: B, Criminal Law, Definition, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: BE, Criminal Procedure Law, Etimology, Historical , Legal Translation , Long Read, and Police.



Beneficiary

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Beneficiary Meaning of Beneficiary One who is entitled to the benefit of property ; one for whose benefit a trust is created; one for whose benefit a trustee , an executor , etc., holds the property. One [...]

Categories: B, Definition, Health Insurance Terms Dictionary, International Trade Dictionary, Judicial definitions, Public administration, and Synonyms. Tags: BE, Benefits, Health Insurance Law, Health Insurance Laws, Historical , Import Export Terms, International Trade Definition, Legal Process, Provate , and Social Protection.



Bequeath

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Bequeath Meaning of Bequeath Ordinarily accepted meaning and interpretation of the word bequeath confines it to real property derived under a testamentary instument. In modern usage , the word has been [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Definition, International Law, Judicial definitions, N, Roman Law, and Synonyms. Tags: BE, Etimology, and Historical .



Bicycle

Held to be a carriage within a statute forbidding fast driving. Taylor v. Goodwin, L.R., 4 Q.B.D. 228 (1879). In the absence of legislative prohibition, riders of bicycles would seem to have the same rights on highways as those using any other vehicle. Cook, Highways. See 69 Law [...]

Categories: B and Judicial definitions. Tags: Historical .



Black-Mail

French maille, a small coin. Rent reserved in work, grain, or the baser money. Opposed, white rent: rent paid in silver. See 2 Bl. Com. 42-43. In common parlance, extortion - the exaction of money for the performance of a duty, the prevention of an injury, or the exercise of an influence. [...]

Categories: B and Judicial definitions. Tags: Historical .



Blackstone

Sir William. Born July 10, 1723. In 1765 appeared the first volume of his commentaries. The other three volumes were published during the next four years. He died February 14, 1780. American lawyers, with few exceptions, since the Revolution, have drawn their first lessons in jurisprudence from [...]

Categories: B and Judicial definitions. Tags: BL and Historical.



Body Of A County

A county at large, as distinguished from any particular place within it. See 25 Wis. 364. Under the common law, in both civil 'and criminal cases, the jury were to be taken from the visne or neighborhood, from among the neighbors and equals of the litigants or the accused, and by long [...]

Categories: B and Judicial definitions. Tags: BO and Historical .



Bona Fide

In good faith, honestly, without fraud, collusion or participation in wrongdoing. Real, actual, genuine and not feigned. The phrase is often used in the context of denoting a person who acquires property honestly, giving good consideration for the same and without any notice of the claim of [...]

Categories: B, Criminal Law, Judicial definitions, Synonyms, and Tax Law. Tags: BO, Historical , Police, and US Tax Law.



Boulevard

A public drive, adapted and set aside for purposes of ornament, exercise, and amusement. It is not technically a street, avenue, or highway, though a carriage way over it be a chief feature. 52 How. Pr. (N. Y.) 440. Originally boulevard was a bulwark or rampart of a [...]

Categories: B and Judicial definitions. Tags: BO and Historical .



Broker

Legal Definition and Related Resources of Broker Meaning of Broker One who exercises the calling of negotiating between parties ; the business of buying or selling or any other lawful transactions. A person whose business it is to bring a buyer [...]

Categories: A, B, Finance Law, Health Insurance Terms Dictionary, Investment Dictionary, Judicial definitions, and Synonyms. Tags: BR, Distributive trades, Etimology, Finance Definition, Health Insurance Definitions, Health Insurance Laws, Historical , Investment Definition, Latin, Legal Translation , Sales occupation, and Trade.



Canon Law

A body of ecclesiastical law, which originated in the church of Rome, relating to matters of which that church has or claims jurisdiction. A canon is a rule of doctrine or of discipline, and is the term generally applied to designate the ordinances of councils and decrees of popes. The [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Criminal Law, International Law, Judicial definitions, and Roman Law. Tags: CA, Christianity, Culture and religion, Formato Extenso, Historical , Internal law of religions, Law, Legal science, Long Read, Police, Religion, Social Questions, and Sources and branches of the law.