Legal Definition and Related Resources of Assembly
Meaning of Assembly
The name given to the lower house of the legislature some states. A constitutional right under the 1st amendment of The U.S. constitution , as in freedom of assembly. The right of citizens to peaceably assemble is guaranteed by the 1st Amendment to the federal constitution in that the Amendment is an express guarantee against the abridgement by Congress of this right. It has also been held that the modicum of freedom of assembly cannot be prohibited, restrained or impeded by any state . See Thomas v Colins, 323 U.S. 516, 65 S. Ct. 315, 89 L.Ed. 430. An assembly however may become unlawful if prior to or at any time during the meeting , it f.r.s. a common intent to obtain a purpose, lawful or unlawful, which will interfere with the rights of others by committing disorderly acts in such a manner as to cause sane, firm, and courageous persons in the neighborhood to apprehend a breach of the peace . See Heard v Rizzo, 392 U.S. 646, 88 S.Ct. 2307, 20 L.Ed.2d358.
Assembly Alternative Definition
The meeting of a number of persons in the same place. Political Assemblies. Those required by the constitution and laws. For example, the general assembly, which includes the senate and house of representatives. The meeting of the electors of the president and vice-president of the United States may also be called an assembly. Popular Assemblies. Those where the people meet to deliberate upon their rights. These are guaranteed by the ‘constitution. Const. U.S. Amend, art. 1. Unlawful Assemhiy. The meeting of three or more persons to do an unlawful act, although they may not carry their purpose into execution. It differs from a riot or rout because in each of the latter cases there is some act done besides the simple meeting. See 1 Ired. (N. C.) 30; 9 Car. & P. 91, 431; 5 Car. & P. 154; 1 Bish. Grim. Law, § 395; 2 Bish. Crim. Law, §§ 1039, 1040.
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