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Ab

What does Ab mean in American Law?

The definition of Ab in the law of the United States, as defined by the lexicographer Arthur Leff in his legal dictionary is:

A Latin preposition. See a.

Concept of “Ab”

Traditional meaning of ab in English (with some legal use of this latin concept in England and the United States in the XIX Century) [1]: (in Latin) From. Abactis: a notary; a registrar. One who records words as they are spoken. Ab agendo: unable to act. Ab alienatio: a method of transferring lands between Roman citizens. Ab ante: in advance. Ab antecedente: beforehand. Ab antiquo: of old. Ab assuetis non fit injuria: from things to which we are used, no legal wrong arises. Ab extra: from without; see 14 Mass. 151. Ab inconvenienti: from what is inconvenient, or improper; see ARGUMENTUM. Ab inde: from that time forward; thence. Ab initio: from the beginning; before; contrasted with postea and ex post facto. Ab intestat: intestate. Ab intestato: from an intestate; used of property acquired from one dying without a will. Ab invito: unwillingly; by or from an unwilling person. Ab irato: by one who is angry . Used where a gift or devise is made adversely to the interests of heirs. Ab judicatio: a removal from court. Ab olim: of old.

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Notes and References

  1. Based on A Concise Law Dictionary of Words, Phrases and Maxims, “Ab”, Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1911, United States. It is also called the Stimson’s Law dictionary. This term and/or definition may be absolete.

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Concept of “A, Ab”

Traditional meaning of a, ab in English (with some legal use of this latin concept in England and the United States in the XIX Century) [1]: (in Latin) From; by; of; with; in; at. The letter a is sometimes used to distinguish the page of a folio, thus: Coke, Litt. 112 a, the second being marked b, and so on with other letters. It is also used to indicate the first of a series of documents, as, Exhibit “A,” or “a 1,” etc. Although the article a is generally a singular term it is also used as plural in the sense of “any,” and is then applied to more than a single object; see 141 Mass. 266; 101 N. Y. 453. A cancellis: the Chancellor. A coelo usque ad centrum: from the heavens to the centre of the earth. A communi observantia non est recedendum: there should be no departure from common observance. A consiliis: of counsel; a counsellor. It is sometimes used in civil law in place of a responsis. A contrario sensu: on the other hand; in the opposite sense. A fortiori: by a stronger reason; much more. A gratia: by grace, and not of right. A jure suo cadunt: they fall from (lose) their right. Applied to cases of loss of property by abandonment. A latere: collateral; without right. Frequently used in speaking of the succession to property. A me: from me. A term used in grants expressing tenure by the grantee directly of the superior lord; opposed to de me, expressing tenure by the grantee of the grantor. To pay a me , is to pay from my money. A mensa et thoro: from bed and board. The term is used to designate a kind of divorce which is more a separation of the parties by law, than a dissolution of the marriage. It is not an absolute divorce. A morte testatoris: from the testator’s death. A multo fortiori: by far the stronger ” reason, right, equity. A nativitate: from infancy. A non domino: by one not the owner. A non posse ad non esse sequitur argumentum necessarie negative, licet non affirmative: from the impossibility of a thing you may infer its nonexistence; but not, from the possibility of a thing, its existence. A piratis et latronibus capta dominium non mutant: things taken by pirates or robbers do not change their ownership. A posteriori: applied to an argument founded on observation or experiment. The term a priori is used of such arguments as rest on analogy or abstract considerations. A quo: from which. The Court a quo is the court from which a cause has been removed to a higher court, which latter is called the Court ad quem. A quo invito aliquid exigi potest: from whom something may be exacted against his will. The definition of a debtor in perfect obligation. A retro: behind; in arrear. A sociis: see NOSCITUR A SOCIIS. A tempore cujus contrarii memoria non existit: from time of which there exists no memory to the contrary. A teneris annis: by reason of youth. A verbis legis non est recedendum: there should be no departure from the words of the law. A vinculo matrimonii: from the bond of marriage. A divorce which completely dissolves the marriage tie.

Resources

Notes and References

  1. Based on A Concise Law Dictionary of Words, Phrases and Maxims, “A, Ab”, Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1911, United States. It is also called the Stimson’s Law dictionary. This term and/or definition may be absolete.

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(2018, 02). Ab legaldictionary.lawin.org Retrieved 12, 2022, from https://legaldictionary.lawin.org/ab/

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"Ab" legaldictionary.lawin.org. legaldictionary.lawin.org, 02 2018. Web. 12 2022. <https://legaldictionary.lawin.org/ab/>

"Ab" legaldictionary.lawin.org. 02, 2018. Accesed 12 2022. https://legaldictionary.lawin.org/ab/

Arthur Leff, 'Ab' (legaldictionary.lawin.org 2018) <https://legaldictionary.lawin.org/ab/> accesed 2022 December 4

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  • Article Name: Ab
  • Author: Arthur Leff
  • Description: A Latin preposition. See a....

This entry was last updated: February 26, 2018

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