Labor and Employment Law Dictionary

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Employment and Labor Law Legal Dictionary

Backfilling
Bad Faith
Bereavement Leave
Blue-Pencil Severance
Bonus
Boycott
Cat’s Paw
Closed Shop
Collective Bargaining
Collective Bargaining Agreement
Common Law
Compassionate Care Leave
Constructive Discharge
Constructive Dismissal
Contract
Contract Law
Dismissal
Disrate
Duty of Fair Representation
Emolument
Employee
Employee Choice Doctrine
Employer
Employment
Employment at Will
Employment Standards
Grievance
Grievance Arbitration
Heart Attack Standard
Hostile Work Environment
Independent Contractor
Insolence
Insubordination
Just Cause
Labor Organization
Labor Union
McDonnell Douglas Framework
Means and Manner
Minimum Wage
Mitigation of Damages
Non-compete Agreement
Nordenfelt Test
Pension
Personal Services Contract
Personnel File
Picket
Pre-Hire Agreement
Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment
Rand Formula: in Canada is
Respondeat superior
Restrictive Covenant
Rule in Aerocide: in Canada is
Salary
Severance Pay
Sick Leave
Straw Boss
Strike
Supervisor
Taft-Hartley
Tenure
Trade Union
Unfair Dismissal
Union
Union Shop
Vicarious Liability
Wages
Wagner Act
Wallace Damages
Whistleblower
Workers’ Compensation
Wrongful Discharge
Wrongful Dismissal
Wrongful Termination
Yellow Dog Contract
arbitration
freedom of association
human rights
industrial action
juridical
labor law
labour laws
labour market
legal regulation
legitimacy
contract of employment
employment contract
employment relationship
industrial law
international labour organisation
international law
part time work
social justice
unfair
unpaid
African American Employment
Apprenticeships
Arbitration
Career Opportunities (1966 1980)
Careers
Child Labor
Collective Bargaining
Compensation (Remuneration)
Dislocated Workers
Dismissal (Personnel)
Employed Women
Employee Absenteeism
Employee Assistance Programs
Employee Attitudes
Employees
Employer Attitudes
Employer Employee Relationship
Employment
Employment Experience
Employment Interviews
Employment Level
Employment Opportunities
Employment Patterns
Employment Potential
Employment Practices
Employment Problems
Employment Programs
Employment Qualifications
Employment Services
Entry Workers
Expertise
Foreign Workers
Fringe Benefits
Grievance Procedures
Indigenous Personnel
Inplant Programs
Inservice Education
Job Analysis
Job Applicants
Job Application
Job Development
Job Enrichment
Job Layoff
Job Performance
Job Placement
Job Satisfaction
Job Search Methods
Job Security
Job Sharing
Job Simplification
Job Skills
Job Training
Labor
Labor Conditions
Labor Demands
Labor Education
Labor Force
Labor Force Development
Labor Force Nonparticipants
Labor Market
Labor Needs
Labor Problems
Labor Relations
Labor Standards
Labor Supply
Labor Turnover
Labor Utilization
Laborers
Leaves of Absence
Merit Pay
Middle Management
Migrant Workers
Minimum Wage
Multiple Employment
Negotiation Agreements
Nonprofessional Personnel
Occupational Information
Occupational Mobility
Off the Job Training
Older Workers
On the Job Training
Outplacement Services (Employment)
Overseas Employment
Paraprofessional Personnel
Part Time Employment
Personnel Data
Personnel Evaluation
Personnel Management
Personnel Needs
Personnel Policy
Personnel Selection
Professional Development
Professional Personnel
Promotion (Occupational)
Qualifications
Quality of Working Life
Recruitment
Reentry Workers
Released Time
Resumes (Personal)
Retirement
Retirement Benefits
Retraining
Sabbatical Leaves
Salaries
Seasonal Employment
Seasonal Laborers
Self Employment
Semiskilled Workers
Skill Obsolescence
Skilled Workers
Strikes
Structural Unemployment
Student Employment
Supervision
Supervisor Qualifications
Supervisor Supervisee Relationship
Supervisory Methods
Supported Employment
Teacher Employment
Teacher Employment Benefits
Teacher Retirement
Teacher Shortage
Teacher Strikes
Teacher Supply and Demand
Teleworking
Temporary Employment
Tenure
Trainees
Trainers
Underemployment
Unemployment
Union Members
Unions
Unskilled Workers
Vacations
Vocational Adjustment
Vocational Rehabilitation
Volunteers
Wages
Work Attitudes
Work Environment
Work Experience
Work Life Expectancy
Workers Compensation
Working Hours
Youth Employment
Affirmative action
Agency shop provision
Black
Closed shop provision
Employer-provided health and dental benefits
Freelancer

Wiki Free Employment and Labor Law Legal Dictionary

ABSENCES (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Absences from work must be taken as paid or unpaid leave. Use of leave must be approved by the employee’s supervisor. Leave benefits vary by employee type.
ADOPTIVE LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Adoptive leave isleave from work for an adoptive mother or sole male adopter after the adoption of a child.
AGENCY WORKER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Someone who is employed by an agency to work for another person or company.
ALTERNATE WORK SCHEDULE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Work Schedule.
ALTERNATIVE HOLIDAY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
If you work on a public holiday that is a normal working day, you are entitled to an alternative holiday. An alternative holiday compensates you for having to work on a public holiday. These are sometimes referred to as “a day in lieu”.
ANNIVERSARY DATE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An employee’s most recent date of hire into regular state service; it is not changed by transfers among state employers or leaves of absence. For classified staff, this is the date on which the annual leave balance may not exceed 240 hours. Professional staff have different leave requirements. See UW policy requirements for professional staff.
ANNUAL HOLIDAYS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Usually refers to how much paid time off work you can have in a year. The law provides for four weeks paid annual holidays per year.
ANNUAL LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Annual leave is paid time off work for holidays, rest or recreation.
ANNUAL LEAVE (VACATION LEAVE) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
All classified non-union, contract classified and professional staff earn annual leave hours for each full month of their employment. Employees working less than a full time schedule accrue annual leave hours on a prorated basis.
ANNUAL LEAVE ACCRUAL MONTH (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The calendar month when the annual leave accrual rate changes in accordance with the accrual schedule for the employee’s appointment type (e.g., classified non-union, contract classified, professional staff).
ANNUAL LEAVE ACCRUAL RATE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The number of hours of annual leave credited to an employee per month of active service. The accrual rate is defined in the provisions of the applicable human resources program: Department of Personnel (classified non-union) rules and University Policy for classified non-union employees, collective bargaining agreements for contract classified staff, and the Professional Staff Program for professional staff employees.
ANNUAL LEAVE MAXIMUM (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Maximum Annual Leave Balance.
APPOINTMENT TYPE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The category of human resources programs that cover the terms and conditions of the employee’s employment. These appointment types are eligible to accrue leave classified non-union staff: Employees in positions covered by the Department of Personal civil service rules; job codes 2000 – 6999. Contract classified staff: Employees in positions covered by a collective bargaining agreement; job codes 7000 – 8999. Professional staff: Employees in positions covered by the UW Professional Staff…(more)
ATTENDANCE INCENTIVE PROGRAM (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
For employees whose sick leave balance exceeds 480 hours, the Annual Attendance Incentive Program allows for monetary compensation for any accrued and unused sick leave accumulated during the previous calendar year. Payment is made at the rate of 25%; all hours compensated are deducted from the sick leave balance. See Attendance Incentive Program webpage.
BENEFIT-IN-KIND (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A term used by Revenue to refer to a taxable non-cash payment to an employee, for example, the use of a car.
BEREAVEMENT LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Means paid time off work when someone close to you dies. Under the law you get three days paid bereavement leave when a close relative or family member dies, otherwise you can get one day paid bereavement leave if your employer agrees. Bereavement is paid time off from work that is in addition to annual leave or sick leave as provided by collective bargaining agreement (contract classified staff), Department of Personnel rules (classified non-union staff) or the provisions of the applicable employment program (professional staff and librarians).
BREAKS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Short periods of time for rest and refreshment taken during working hours.
BULLYING (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
In the workplace bullying is repeated inappropriate behaviour by one or more people against another person or people.
CAREER BREAK (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An unpaid period of time away from your employment which can be for family reasons or study, which is approved by your employer.
CARER’S LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Carer’s leave is leave from work to care someone who is deemed by the Department of Social Protection as being in need of full-time care and attention.
CASUAL WORK (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Casual work can be sometimes tricky. Usually it is working only as and when the employer tells you to work. This means you will not always have work available, but the employer may call you if they need to. This can sometimes happen because it is hard for the employer to predict when that work needs to be done, or when the work needs to be done quite quickly. If you are employed to do casual work, this must be made clear in your employment agreement.
CASUAL WORKER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A person employed as required without fixed hours or attendance arrangements
CHILD CARE EMERGENCY LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A paid or unpaid leave granted to classified and professional staff for situations causing an employee’s inability to report for or continue scheduled work because of emergency child care requirements, such as the unexpected absence of the regular care provider, the unexpected closure of the child’s school, or an unexpected need to pick up the child at school earlier than normal.
CIVIL DUTY LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Paid leave granted to employees to serve on a jury or as trial witnesses, or to exercise other subpoenaed civil duties in accordance with the provisions of the applicable collective bargaining agreement or employment program.
CLASSIFIED STAFF (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Monthly paid employees holding a .50 FTE or more appointment who occupy jobs that are covered by the civil service rules and/or labor contracts.
CODE OF PRACTICE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A code of practice sets out good practice in employment but is not usually legally binding
COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A collective agreement is an employment agreement that is negotiated by a union that covers a group of employees.
COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Agreements negotiated between unions and employers about terms and conditions of employment.
COMMON LAW (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Law derived from custom and court decisions, rather than legislation.
COMPARATOR (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A comparator means a comparable employee who is doing the same or similar work as a part-time worker or someone on a fixed-term contract.
COMPENSATORY TIME (CA) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Leave time credited to eligible employees who request and receive supervisor approval to receive such time in lieu of cash payment for overtime or holiday work time.
CONSTRUCTIVE DISMISSAL (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Constructive dismissal is when you terminate your contract of employment because of your employer´s behaviour.
CONTINUITY OF EMPLOYMENT OR SERVICE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This means the employee´s service or employment is unbroken and can help you qualify for certain employment rights such as redundancy.
CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A contract of employment exists if someone is offered work in return for wages and accepts the offer ( see also written terms of employment).
CUSTOM AND PRACTICE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Custom and practice is where a term of employment is set up by normal behaviour in a workplace rather than by legislation or a written contract. One example is an informal ten-minute coffee break at 11am.
CYCLIC YEAR POSITIONS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A position scheduled to work less than 12 full months each year due to known, recurring periods of leave in the annual cycle. Such positions are most commonly created for 9, 10, or 11 month appointments. Also see Service Period.
CYCLIC YEARLY LEAVE (CYL) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Scheduled periods of leave without pay each year due to known, recurring periods in the annual cycle when the position is not scheduled to work. For classified staff who have completed a probationary period and professional staff who have completed 6 months of service, cyclic year leave without pay does not constitute a break in service and is not deducted from the employees’ length of service in granting periodic salary increments (classified staff), or in computing the employees’ vacation leave accrual rate.
DEDUCTIONS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Deductions are amounts taken off your pay and listed on your payslip, for example, PRSI.
DISABILITY LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Leave of absence granted to an employee who is precluded from performing his/her job duties because of a disability, including those related to pregnancy and child birth. See the University of Washington Disability Leave of Absence Policy for classified staff, professional staff and librarians and the University of Washington Disability Accommodation Request Process.
DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
It sets out in writing how the employer will deal with the alleged shortcomings of an employee.
DISCRETIONARY LEAVE (D) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Discretionary Leave is an annual (calendar year) maximum of 6 paid days off work that a department or division head may award to level 1, 2, or 3 professional staff employees to recognize noteworthy achievement and work effort that have significantly contributed to the unit’s mission, goals and/or objectives. See Professional Staff Program for Discretionary Leave for award approval and use instructions.
DISCRIMINATION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This means treating one person less favourably than another person. Discrimination at work is illegal if it is based on gender, civil status, family status, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability, race, membership of the Traveller community.
DISMISSAL (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This occurs when your contract of employment is ended. If you are dismissed by your employer you may be able to claim unfair dismissal.
DOMESTIC WORKER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A domestic worker is someone who is employed to work in a private home.
DUTY OF CARE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Your employer owes you a duty of care to provide a safe workplace and this is implied by law in your contract of employment. It means that you should not have to work in unsafe or unhealthy conditions.
EDUCATORS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
9-month educator positions, job class codes 0417 – 0419. See Appointment Type.
EMPLOYEE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An employee is someone works for someone else in return for payment. There is no definition of ‘employee’ in employment law. The Code of Practice in determining Employment Status (pdf) contains criteria which can be used to clarify whether a person is employed or self-employed. The employment status of a person is generally determined by the Revenue Commissioners or the Department of Social Protection.
EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A legal document that is a written record of all the things you have agreed to as part of your job. Your employer must give you a written employment agreement by law. This is sometimes incorrectly referred to as an employment contract.
EMPLOYMENT PERMIT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Most non-EEA nationals (and certain Bulgarians and Romanians) must have an employment permit in order to take up employment in Ireland.
EMPLOYMENT REGULATION ORDER (ERO) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
EROs are negotiated by Joint Labour Committees to regulate conditions of employment and pay in certain employment sectors.
EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS AUTHORITY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The Employment Relations Authority resolves employment relationship problems that cannot be solved through mediation. The Authority is not a court. It looks into the facts and makes a decision based on the merits of the matter, not on technicalities. The Authority can also refer matters to mediation.
ENTITLEMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Usually refers to what you are entitled to as part of your employment agreement and your minimum rights by law. Your minimum rights given to you by law are things like sick leave, bereavement leave, minimum wage and annual holidays.
EXCEPTED WORK PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Work Schedule.
FACULTY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
For Faculty appointments, see Academic HR.
FAMILY & MEDICAL LEAVE ACT (FMLA) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Federal entitlement for up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year for eligible employees as a result of any of the following conditions Parental leave for the first year care of the employee’s newborn or newly placed adopted or foster child; Personal medical leave due to the employee’s own serious health condition that requires the employee’s absence from work; Leave to enable the employee to care for the employee’s family member who suffers from a serious medical condition that requires…(more)
FAMILY MEMBER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The term “family member” means the employee’s spouse or same or opposite sex domestic partner, child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, sister or brother. Family Member also includes individuals in the following relationships with the employee’s spouse or domestic partner: child, parent, or grandparent, as well as those persons in a “step” relationship. Family and Medical Leave: parent, child*, spouse Family Care Leave: parent, child, spouse, grandparent, parent-in-law…
FIXED DURATION APPOINTMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A specific type of limited duration appointment that may be authorized by collective bargaining agreement. Employees in a fixed duration appointment who meet eligibility requirements accrue leave but do not have layoff/seniority rights.
FIXED SHIFTS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
According to ergonomics4schools.com, fixed shifts require you to work the same amount of hours, starting and stopping at the same times, for a specified period of days. These types of shifts are typically utilized in static, non-rotating systems, wherein workers work the same shifts regularly. According to rotas.co.uk, an example of a fixed shift is a nightshift, wherein you are permanently assigned to work the same hours each night, with no switching over to dayshifts.
FIXED TERM (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This refers to employment which starts and finishes at a particular time. There are special rules for being employed on a fixed term agreement. You can only be employed on a fixed term if there is a genuine reason (like filling in for a permanent employee, seasonal work like fruit picking, or until a project is completed). Your employer must also tell you how and when the employment will end, before you start the job.
FIXED-TERM CONTRACT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A fixed-term contract is a contract of employment which ends on an agreed date.
FORCE MAJEURE LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Leave from work for an employee for urgent reasons because of the illness or injury of a family member.
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION (FOI) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
FOI legislation allows you to access records held by government departments and certain public bodies.
FULL-TIME (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Usually means you work around 40 hours per week.
FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Work consisting of 40 hours per week.
FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT (FTE) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The percentage of full-time employment. Example: 100% = 1.0 FTE = 40 hours/week 75% = 0.75 FTE = 30 hours/week 50% = 0.5 FTE = 20 hours/week
GRADUATE STUDENT APPOINTMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Graduate Student Service Appointment information.
GREEN CARD PERMIT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A Green card permit is an employment permit for occupations with an annual salary above USD 60,000 and for some occupations with an annual salary of USD 30,000 to USD 60,000.
GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This sets out how to complain about something in your employment terms and conditions which affects you.
GROSS MISCONDUCT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Blatant misbehaviour at work such as assault, stealing, bullying or harassment.
HALL HEALTH PHYSICIANS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Job class codes 1611 – 1620. See Appointment Type.
HARASSMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Under employment equality legislation harassment on any of the 9 discriminatory grounds is illegal. It is defined as behaviour which has the purpose or effect of violating a person´s dignity and creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for the person.
HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTOR (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A Health and Safety inspector enforces the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992, which requires your employer to provide a safe workplace. If you believe your workplace is unsafe you may contact a Health and Safety inspector in your region who may investigate the matter.
HOLIDAY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A holiday is paid time off work for rest and recreation. It can mean either annual leave or a public holiday. Eligible classified staff, professional staff, and librarians receive 10 paid holidays plus 1 personal holiday each calendar year.
HOLIDAY CREDIT (HA) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Also referred to as Holiday Compensatory Time. Time off credit granted to an employee when a holiday occurs on the employee’s regularly scheduled day off.
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Persons who reside in the same home as the employee and have reciprocal duties to, and provide financial support for, one another. Household members shall also include foster children and legal wards. See also Family Members.
IN PAY STATUS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
On payroll receiving regular salary for working that day or having used paid leave, including shared leave, to remain on payroll.
INTERSPERSAL (OF LEAVE) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The use of 1 accrued paid leave day (8 hours) per month during approved disability or parental leave without pay for the purpose of maintaining the employee’s health insurance coverage.
IRREGULAR SHIFTS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
According to rotas.co.uk, with irregular shift schedules, the times and durations of your shifts are variable or erratic, following no fixed temporal pattern (such as nighttime or daytime shifts). Also, employers may assign these shifts as particular needs or problems arise. Cis.idah.gov gives the example of a salesperson working a 10 a.m to 5 p.m. shift on one day, an 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. shift on another day, and a 1 to 9 p.m. shift on yet another day.
JOB CLASS TITLE & CODE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Each position is assigned a job class title. Each class title has a unique and corresponding job class code. Classified non-union and contract classified job class titles, codes, and their corresponding salary ranges are found in the UW Classified Staff Compensation Plan.
JOBSHARING (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A type of flexible work where two people share the same employment position.
JOINT LABOUR COMMITTEES (JLCS) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
JLCs regulate conditions of employment in certain employment sectors. Their agreements are called Employment Regulation Orders (EROs).
L&I (LABOR AND INDUSTRY) BUY BACK (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Employees who are off work due to a work-related injury or illness can use any combination of sick leave, annual leave, or leave without pay to cover their absence from work. Many employees choose to use sick leave or annual leave to make up the difference between time loss payments and their regular wages, or to continue their regular income until time loss payments begin. Full sick leave pay and time loss benefits cannot be received concurrently. The University is required to have a “buy back”…(more)
LABOUR INSPECTOR (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A labour inspector enforces what is called the “minimum code” or the minimum rights you have under the law. They can investigate cases where an employer does not provide these minimum rights. For example if they pay you less than the minimum wage per hour.
LABOUR MARKET NEEDS TEST (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This is a requirement for most work permit applications. It means advertising a vacancy with the EURES employment network for 8 weeks and in local and national newspapers for 6 days.
LAY OFF (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Lay off is when you are let go from your job temporarily as your employer has no work for you.
LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Permission to be absent from work. Under employment rights legislation there are statutory entitlements to annual leave, maternity leave, adoptive leave, parental leave and carer’s leave.
LEAVE OF ABSENCE WITHOUT PAY (L) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Unpaid leave which may be allowed for time that an employee is absent for such reasons as disability, parental leave, child care emergencies, and education. For cyclic year schedules, see cyclic year leave.
LEAVE-BEARING APPOINTMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
50% FTE or greater position eligible to earn vacation and sick leave.
LIBRARIANS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Academic positions with job class codes 0401 – 0413. See Appointment Type.
MATERNITY LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Maternity leave is leave from work for a woman who is pregnant or who has just given birth.
MAXIMUM ANNUAL LEAVE BALANCE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Unless provided otherwise by civil service rule or collective bargaining agreement, all classified non-union and contract classified employees may carry a maximum annual leave balance of 240 hours. Review the applicable collective bargaining agreement or employment program information or contact your Human Resources Operations Office for assistance. The maximum annual leave balance is per employee and not per number of appointments. Librarians have a maximum annual leave balance of 288 hours.
MEDIATION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Mediation is a process in which people, with the assistance of a mediator, talk about the issues and reach agreements that will best suit them. The Department of Labour provides free mediation services to help people resolve their employment relations problems quickly and effectively.
MIGRANT WORKER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Someone who is not a national of the country where they are working.
MILITARY LEAVE WITH PAY (M) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A maximum of 21 working days between October 1 and September 30 is allowed for military training leave with pay. The employee must be under military orders, a copy of which should be given to the department at the time of the leave request. This leave is in addition to vacation/sick leave and does not result in any reduction of accrued leave balances, benefits, performance ratings, privileges, or pay.
MILITARY LEAVE WITHOUT PAY (MWO) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Under federal and state law all UW employees are entitled to military leave of absence without pay for active service in the uniformed services of the United States or the State of Washington. The employee is also entitled to reinstatement to the former position with restoration of seniority and adjustment of salary for missed increments, if applicable.
MINIMUM WAGE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This is a minimum hourly rate of pay. Most employees have a legal right to the national minimum wage (NMW).
NEW ENTRANT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Under the law a new entrant is an employee aged 16 or 17 who has not completed 200 hours or 3 months of employment (whichever is shorter), and who is not supervising or training other workers. A new entrant may be paid the new entrants minimum wage.
NIGHT WORK (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Under the Organisation of Working Time Act 1997 night work means work done between midnight and 7am.
NON-SCHEDULED WORK PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Work Schedule.
NOTICE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Notice is an announcement by the employee or employer that the employment contract will end on a certain date.
OPEN-ENDED CONTRACT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This is a contract of employment which continues until the employer or employee ends it. It is known as a contract of indefinite duration. This is what employees often refer to as a permanent job.
OPUS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Online Payroll Update System. See the OPUS webpage.
OTHERWISE WORKING DAY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Working out what would be an “otherwise working day” is key to working out what you should get for working on a public holiday. Ask yourself “Would I have normally worked on that day?” If the answer is “Yes” and you do not work, you are entitled to be paid out for the public holiday. If the answer is “Yes” and you work on the public holiday, you are entitled to be paid time-and-a-half and be provided an alternative holiday (sometimes called a “day in lieu”) If the answer…(more)
OVERTIME (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Overtime is work done outside normal working hours.
OVERTIME (OT) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Additional compensation, as provided by collective bargaining agreement, University policy, and/or civil service rule, given in the form of either cash or compensatory time, to overtime-eligible UW employees when the hours worked exceed the threshold for overtime eligibility.
OWLS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Online Work/Leave System. See the OWLS webpage.
PARENTAL LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Parental leave is leave from work for parents of children aged under 8 (16 if the child has a disability). Leave of absence granted to an employee for first year care of the employee’s newborn or newly-placed adopted or foster child. (See classified non-union rules and/or provisions of applicable collective bargaining agreement or Professional Staff program). See the Family and Medical Leave webpage.
PART-TIME (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Usually means you work less than 40 hour per week, like 15 or 20. As a part-time employee you have the same rights as a full-time employee.
PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A position assigned to a regular work schedule of at least 20 hours but less than 40 hours per week.
PART-TIME WORKER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An employee whose normal hours of work are less than the normal hours of work of a comparable full-time employee.
PATERNITY LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Paternity leave is leave from work for fathers following the birth of their child. There is no statutory entitlement to paternity leave.
PAY-AS-YOU-GO (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
In some cases if you are employed on a fixed term (such as doing a seasonal job), or if you work casual hours where it is not practical for the employer to provide you with four weeks annual holidays, the employer may provide you with 8% of your gross (before tax is taken out) earnings instead of annual holidays. This is paid to you together with your normal wages.
PAYE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
PAYE (Pay As You Earn) is the system where tax is deducted from your wages by your employer and sent to the Revenue Commissioners.
PENSION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A pension is a payment from the State or a private company to someone who is retired.
PERIODIC INCREMENT DATE (PID) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The date upon which a classified non-union or contract classified employee is scheduled to move to a higher salary step within the range for his/her current job class.
PERSONAL GRIEVANCE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A personal grievance is a specific type of employment relationship problem as defined in law. There are specific reasons for which you can raise a personal grievance, such as unjustified dismissal, harassment or discrimination. If you think you have suffered a personal grievance, you need to let your employer know within 90 days of it happening, or you finding out about it.
PERSONAL HOLIDAY (PH) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An annual paid leave day selected by the employee to be used at a time mutually agreeable to the employee and supervisor. Eligibility for a personal holiday is established by collective bargaining agreement for contract classified staff, civil service rules for classified non-union staff and university policy for professional staff.
POST ENTRY REVIEW MESSAGE (PERM) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A system-generated e-mail sent when an online payroll transaction takes place or when a completed monthly summary is released in the Online Work/Leave System (OWLS).
PPS NUMBER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Your PPS (Personal Public Service) Number is your unique reference number for all dealings with Government departments and other public bodies such as the Revenue Commissioners.
PREVIOUS STATE EMPLOYMENT, CREDITING FOR (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Employees with previous qualifying state service may apply for and may receive credit toward their annual leave accrual rate based upon the combined total years of state employment. The crediting process is administered by Human Resources.
PRO-RATING (OF LEAVE ACCRUAL RATES) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Pro-rating is the averaging of different accrual rates that apply within a month, based upon the following circumstances a change of percent FTE during the month (both annual leave and sick leave). a change in position to one covered by a different leave accrual rate (annual leave only).
PROBATION PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Probation periods are different to trial periods. During the probation period your employer still needs to follow a fair disciplinary or dismissal procedure. If you have been working on a probation period you may raise a personal grievance on the grounds of unjustified dismissal, if you think the employer did not have good reason to dismiss you.
PROBATIONARY PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A specified period at the start of an employment to see if the employee is suitable for the job.

For non-permanent classified non-union and contract classified employees the initial period of employment established by civil service rule, University policy or collective bargaining agreement. Classified staff do not achieve “permanent” status until the probationary period is successfully completed. The probationary period for the Campus Police Officer job class extends from the date of appointment…(more)
PROJECT ASSIGNMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Professional staff temporary assignment of generally no more than 9 months. See the Professional Staff Temporary Appointments webpage.
PRSA (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
PRSAs (Personal Retirement Savings Accounts) are a type of pension arrangement.
PRSI (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
PRSI (Pay Related Social Insurance) means the social insurance contributions deducted from your wages. Your PRSI contributions help you to qualify for social welfare payments such as Illness Benefit.
PUBLIC HOLIDAY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
We have 11 paid public holidays every year (New Years Day, January 2nd, Provincial Anniversary Day, Waitangi Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day, Queen’s Birthday, Labour Day, Christmas Day, Boxing Day). The Christmas and New Year holidays (Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Years Day and January 2nd) can carry over to the Monday or Tuesday after the holiday if they happen on a weekend and you don’t normally work weekends.
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
There are 9 public holidays each year, for example, Christmas Day. The statutory public holiday entitlement for employees is: either a paid day off, an extra day of annual leave or a day’s pay.
RECORDS RETENTION SCHEDULE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An approved and established timetable for maintaining records common to most departments within the UW. Retention schedules state the period of time a record must be kept and when it can be destroyed. Retention requirements refer to information in all formats; paper as well as electronic records. See Records Management.
REDUNDANCY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Redundancy is when your job ceases to exist because of lack of work or your company closing down.
REGISTERED EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (REA) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
REAs set out pay and conditions of employment in certain employment sectors. They are collective agreements which have been registered with the Labour Court.
REGULAR WORK SCHEDULE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Work Schedule.
REST PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A rest period is any time that is not working time.
ROTATING SHIFTS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Rotating shift schedules-according to ergonomics4schools.com-require that you work at different times based on a pre-planned pattern. This pattern follows a particular speed and direction. The speed refers to the number of times you work a particular shift (with a particular start time) before moving or rotating to a different one, while the direction-either forward or backwards-refers to what shift you move to. For example, you could work the morning shift for three consecutive days in a row…(more)
SABBATICAL (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A term used for professional leave with pay for eligible faculty and librarians.
SCHEDULE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Work Schedule.
SEASONAL JOB (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A seasonal job is usually a type of fixed term agreement where the employer needs some extra workers for a certain job that comes up every ‘season’, like for example to pick apples when they ripen. After the work is completed (for example, when all the apples are picked) the employer does not need the workers and the fixed term ends.
SEE ALSO: THE FIXED-DURATION APPOINTMENT WEBPAGE. AND THE PROFESSIONAL STAFF LIMITED TERM TEMPORARY ASSIGNMENT WEBPAGE. (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)

SELF-EMPLOYED (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A self-employed person is someone who carries on their own business and is not an employee.
SEPARATION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Term used to describe an employee terminated from regular monthly employment with the UW for reasons other than unsatisfactory job performance or behavior.
SERVICE PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Number of months a position is scheduled to work, usually 12 months throughout the year. A cyclic year position is scheduled to work less than 12 full months each year, due to known, recurring periods of leave in the annual cycle; usually between 9 and 11 months.
SEXUAL HARASSMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Unwanted behaviour of a sexual nature that affects the dignity of women and men at work (see also harassment).
SHARED LEAVE (SH) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A program which allows eligible state employees to donate part of their accumulated annual, sick leave, and personal holiday leave hours to co-workers whose regular paid leave has been depleted because of extraordinary illness. See Shared Leave webpage.
SHIFT WORK (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Shift work is a type of work scheduling system that requires you to work outside of the standard morning to evening (such as 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.), five-day-a-week schedule. Many jobs require work shift schedules, particularly in businesses that are open 24 hours a day or in plants that require round-the-clock security or maintenance. These include-for example-some supermarkets and airports, as well as chemical and nuclear power plants. Types of work shift schedules include fixed, split, irregular and rotating shifts.
SHORT TIME (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This is where your pay or hours reduced to less than half your normal weekly amount because there is less work to be done.
SICK LEAVE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Means paid time off work when you are sick or injured and can’t work. Under the law you get five days sick leave after being with an employer for six months, and an additional five days from that point on for every year of employment.
SICK LEAVE (S) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Paid leave granted to salaried employees to be used for illness or injury or as otherwise allowed by collective bargaining agreement, civil service rule or University policy. All full-time classified non-union, contract classified, and professional staff earn 8 hours of sick leave for each month of full time employment. Employees working less than a full-time schedule accrue sick leave hours on a prorated basis.
SPECIFIED PURPOSE CONTRACT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A contract of employment which ends when a specific task is completed, or when a specific event occurs.
SPLIT SHIFTS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Split shifts require you to work at two or more different times each day. The “split” refers to the daily, unpaid break or breaks you take in between paid shift work. According to the Idaho Career Information System at cis.idaho.gov, one example of a job that uses a split shift schedule is a school bus driver. The first part of the shift is driving children to school. While the children are at school, you go on break (the split), and once school is finished you pick them up, which is the second part of the shift.
SPOUSAL/DEPENDANT WORK PERMIT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A spousal/dependant work permit is issued to the spouse, civil partner or dependant of an employment permit holder.
STATUTORY ENTITLEMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Legal right
SUPERVISOR (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Individual having the authority to hire, transfer, suspend, layoff, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or having the responsibility to direct their work. The supervisor is responsible for review of the employee’s work and leave record.
SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Information sources providing the data used to create the official leave record, both online (e.g., OWLS) or paper (e.g., Form 220). Examples of supporting documents include: leave request and overtime authorization forms, weekly time sheets, time cards, and summons to report for jury duty.
TA/RA (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Teaching Assistant or Research Assistant graduate student appointment. See the collective bargaining agreement for RA/TA positions and Graduate Student Service Appointment information.
TEMPORARY EMPLOYEE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An hourly paid employee whose appointment may not exceed 1,050 hours, excluding overtime, in any 12 consecutive month period. See Temporary Employment webpage. Temporary Hourly employees are not normally eligible for any leave benefits. Temporary employees may be eligible for certain unpaid leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act.
TIME-AND-A-HALF (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
If employees work on a public holiday (unless they only work on public holidays) they are entitled to be paid “time-and-a-half”. This means that your standard hourly rate is multiplied by 1.5. For example, if you are normally paid $13 per hour, you would be paid $19.50 per hour (13 x 1.5 = 19.5) for working on a public holiday.
TIMEKEEPER (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Records work and leave hours using the Online Work/Leave System (OWLS) or the paper Form 220.
TRADE UNION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A trade union is an organisation which negotiates with an employer for better pay and conditions.
TRANSFER OF BUSINESS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A transfer of business happens when a company is taken over by another or when two companies join together.
TRIAL PERIOD (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
An employer who employs 19 or fewer people, may employ you on a trial period of up to 90 calendar days. During the trial period the employer can give you notice that they will dismiss you from the job. If they do so, you can’t take a personal grievance for unjustified dismissal. A “trial service period” or “transition review period” or “rehire trial period” served when a classified employee moves to another position or accepts an appointment through the layoff process. The terms and length of the trial period are established by collective bargaining agreement, civil service rules and/or by University policy.
UNFAIR DISMISSAL (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
If your employer terminates your contract of employment, your dismissal is presumed to be unfair unless your employer can justify it on fair grounds.
UNION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A union is an organisation which supports employees in the workplace by acting as an advocate for them and standing up for worker’s rights. They often act as a middle person between employers and employees. Unions bargain for better conditions in collective agreements and help employees with work related issues. People pay a fee to become a member of a union.
UW HIRE DATE (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Start date of current period of continuous UW service in a regular, monthly-paid position.
VACATION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
See Annual Leave.
VACATION ACCRUAL MONTH (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
The month when the vacation accrual rate changes in accordance with the accrual schedule for the employee’s appointment type (e.g., classified non-union, contract classified, Librarians, professional staff). The vacation accrual month is adjusted for each month that an employee is on leave without pay in excess of 10 working days (80 hours). See Annual Leave Accrual Month.
VEBA (VOLUNTARY EMPLOYEE BENEFICIARY ASSOCIATION) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
VEBA is a tax-free medical expense account funded by the 25% sick leave cash-out at retirement. It can be used by the retiree and eligible dependents to pay medical expenses after retirement. See the VEBA webpage.
VICTIMISATION (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Victimisation or penalisation is unfair treatment of a employee by an employer because of some action the worker has taken, such as claiming the minimum wage.
WAGES (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Wages are the money paid to you by your employer for your work. This money is also known as pay, salary or remuneration. Sometimes other benefits can be included to make up your wages, for example board and lodging, if supplied by your employer and are part of your employment contract.
WORK PERIOD DESIGNATION (WORK SCHEDULE) (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Scheduled work days and hours. Each position is assigned to one of three work period designations (see note below for Research Technologists) Scheduled The Regular Scheduled work period for full-time staff consists of five consecutive and uniformly scheduled 8-hour days in a 7-day period. This is a daily repetition of the same working hours and a weekly repetition of the same working days. For part-time staff, a regular scheduled work period consists of the same number of consecutive…(more)
WORK STUDY (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A full-time UW student who is employed in a position that is part of a work study program.
WORK WEEK (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A fixed and regularly recurring period of 168 hours – 7 consecutive 24-hour periods (e.g., Monday, 12:01 a.m. through Sunday, 12:00 midnight, or Sunday, 12:01 a.m. through Saturday, 12:00 midnight). The work week is designated by the employer and may begin on any day of the week and any hour of the day; it need not coincide with the calendar week. Each employee must have a designated work week, which is then noted on the weekly time sheet and the work and leave record, either online (OWLS) or paper…(more)
WORKING HOURS (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
This means the time when you are working. For most employees the legal maximum average working week is 48 hours.
WRITTEN TERMS OF EMPLOYMENT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
Although all your contract of employment does not have to be written, you have a legal right to a written statement of certain employment terms.
ZERO-HOURS CONTRACT (Labor and Employment Law Dictionary)
A zero-hours contract is a type of employment contract where the employee makes themselves available for work for a specified number of hours and get paid for a proportion of those hours even if not required to work.

Related Definitions (see below)

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