Court

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Legal Definition and Related Resources of Court

Meaning of Court

In original sense, the term denoted the person and suite of the sovereign , the place where the sovereign sojourned with his regal retinue. The place where the sovereign, through his judges, administered justice. In modern times, the term connotes a governmental institution in which is vested the judicial power of the state . A tribunal authorized by law at the appropriate time and place to administer justice. Courts are divided into two classes: 1. Courts of record and 2. Not of Record. A court of record was given as one whereof the act and judicial proceedings are enrolled for a perpetual memorial and testimony ; which rolls are called the records of the court, and are of such high and super eminent authority that their truth is not to be called in question . Courts are also divided into superior and inferior. A superior court is one that is not asubject to the control of any other court, except by way of appeal . Also, it has original jurisdiction in the first instance . An inferior court has limited original jurisdiction and is subject to the review or correction of a higher court. A court may be either civil or criminal . A civil court is one established for the adjudication of controversy between subjects, the controversies being of a civil nature. A criminal court is one that tries criminal charges .

Court Alternative Definition

See Court of

Synonyms of Court

noun

  • bar
  • bar of justice
  • basilica
  • bench
  • forum for adjusting disputes
  • forum of justice
  • indicium
  • judgment seat
  • judicial assembly
  • judicial forum
  • judicial tribunal
  • justice
  • justice seat
  • lawcourt
  • magistrates
  • place where justice is administered
  • tribunal Associated Concepts: adjournment of the court
  • appearance in court
  • application addressed to the court
  • civil court
  • clerk of court
  • competent court
  • contempt of court
  • county court
  • courtappointed receiver
  • court below
  • court calendar
  • court costs
  • court in banc
  • court martial
  • court ofappeals
  • court of bankruptcy
  • court of chancery
  • court of claims
  • court of common pleas
  • court of competent jurisdiction
  • court of first instance
  • court of general jurisdiction
  • court of inquest
  • court of justice
  • court of last resort
  • court of limited jurisdiction
  • court of probate
  • court of record
  • court's own motion
  • court's own witness
  • criminal court
  • district court
  • family court
  • federal court
  • fraud upon the court
  • inferior courts
  • inherent right of court
  • jurisdiction of a court
  • leave of court
  • legislative courts
  • local court
  • municipal courts
  • opinion of the court
  • order of the court
  • power of the court
  • probate court
  • proceedings in court
  • state court
  • Supreme Court
  • tax court
  • term of court
  • United States courts foreign phrases: Actus curiae neminemgravabit
  • An act of the court shall prejudice no man
  • Cursus curiae est lex curiae
  • Ea quae in curia nostra rite acta sunt debitae executioni demandari debent
  • Those things which are properly transacted in our court ought to be committed to a due execution
  • Nihil habetforum ex scena
  • The court has nothing to do with what is not before it
  • Nulla curia quae recordum non habet potest imponere finem neque aliquem mandare carceri; quia ista spectant tantummodo ad curias de recordo
  • No court which has not a record can impose a fine or commit any person to prison; because those powers belong only to courts of record
  • Nulla curia quae recordum non habet potest imponere finem neque aliquem mandare carceri; quia ista spectant tantummodo ad curias de recordo
  • No court which has not a record can impose a fine or commit any person to prison; because those powers belong only to courts of record

Related Entries of Court in the Encyclopedia of Law Project

Browse or run a search for Court in the American Encyclopedia of Law, the Asian Encyclopedia of Law, the European Encyclopedia of Law, the UK Encyclopedia of Law or the Latin American and Spanish Encyclopedia of Law.

Court in Historical Law

You might be interested in the historical meaning of this term. Browse or search for Court in Historical Law in the Encyclopedia of Law.

For more information about Historical Law definitions, see Historical Definitions in the Encyclopedia of Law. For more information about Historical Law Books and Legal Documents, see Legal Encyclopedia of Historical Books and Documents and Legal Encyclopedia of Books and Documents of the 20th Century.

Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms

Search for legal acronyms and/or abbreviations containing Court in the Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Dictionary. The Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Dictionary entries include explanations of the context of abbreviations or acronyms as well as the direct meaning.

Related Legal Terms

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Mentioned in these terms

Abuse Of Discretion, Accomplice, , Adjudication, Administration, Letters Of, Administrative Agency, Administrative Proceeding, Administratrix, Admissible Evidence, Affirm, Affirmative Action Programs, Agreed Statement Of Facts, Alter Ego, Amendment, Amicus Curiae, Amount In Controversy, Ancillary, Appeal, Appear, Appearance, Appellant, Appellate Court, Apply, Arbitration, Argument, Arraign, Array, Arrest, Assessor, Assignment Of Error, Assistance, Writ Of, Associate Justice, At Bar, At Issue, Attach, Attachment, Attorney, Award, , , Bench, Bench Warrant, Bill Of Exceptions, Burden Of Proof, , Calendar Call, Calling The Plaintiff, Capricious, Caption, , Cease And Desist Order, Certiorari, Chambers, Charge, Chose, Circuit, Citation, , Civil Contempt, Claim Of Liberty, Clarendon, Constitution Of, Clean Hands, Clearly Erroneous, Clerk Of Court, Clerk Of The Peace, Collusion, Comity, Commit, Community, Comparative Rectitude, Competency, Competent, Composition, Conclusion, Consent Judgment, Consonant Statement, Constructive, Constructive Trust, Consultation, Contempt, Contempt Of Court, Continuance, Contumacy, Conveyance, Copyhold, Coram Nobis, Coroner, Court-martial, Crier, Cross-appeal, Cumulative, Curia, Cy-prés, Damages, Decision, Declaratory Judgment, Decree, Delivery, Demonstrative Evidence, Demurrer, Departure, Detinue, Dicta, Dilatory Pleas, Directed Verdict, Discretion, Dissent, Diversity Jurisdiction, Diversity Of Citizenship, , Docket, Eavesdropping, Ecclesiastical Courts, Elisor, Eloigne, Eloignment, En Banc, In Banc, Enter, Equitable Assets, Equitable Assignment, Equitable Conversion, Equitable Execution, Equitable Interests, Equitable Owner, Erroneous, Error, Writ Of, Essence, Examination, Exchequer's Chamber, Exchequer, Court Of, Excused, Execution, Executor, Executor De Son Tort, Exhibit, Expectant Heir, Extrinsic Evidence, Faculties, Final Judgment, Finding Of Fact, Forensic, Forum Conveniens, Forum Non Conveniens, Fraud, Full Faith And Credit, Further And Other Relief, Garnishee, Garnishment, General Demurrer, Gloves, Security For Good Behavior, Guardian, Habeas Corpus, Hague Tribunal, Half-seal, Hamper, Hearing, , Hung-jury, Husting, Impeachment Of Waste, Implied Agency, Impound, In Banc, In Bank, Inadequate, Inadmissible, Incompetent, Indirect Contempt, Inferior Court, Inherent Power, Injunction, Instance, Instance Court, Insurable Interest, Interlocutory, International Court Of Justice, Interpleader, Irregularity, Irrelevant, Issue, Jeopardy, Journeyman's Account, Judgment, Judgment Creditor, Judgment Debt, Judgment In Personam, Judgment Lien, Judgment Nisi, Judgment Proof, Judgment Roll, Judicial Confession, Judicial Function, Judicial Notice, Judicial Power, Judicial Proceeding, Judicial Sale, Judicial Separation, Jurisdiction, Jurisdiction Of The Person, Jurisdiction Of The Subject Matter, Jury List, Justice Of The Peace, Justiciability, Justification, Juvenile Court, Kangaroo Court, Last Chance, Last Clear Chance, Last Resort, Law Of The Case, Lawsuit, Legal Ethics, Letters Of Administration, Letters Rogatory, , Liability, Long Arm Statutes, Lost Grant, Malicious Abuse Of Process, Mandate, Mapp Rule, Marketable Title, Marshaling, , Medical Jurisprudence, Member, Memorandum Decision, Mesne Process, Minimum Contact, Misconduct, , Mittimus, Motion, Motion In Arrest Of Judgment, , Naked, New Trial, Next Friend, Nominal Damages, Non-joinder, Non-justiciable, Non-residence, Notice Of Motion, Notice To Quit, Objection, Obstructing Justice, Odd Lot Doctrine, Offense, On Account, Open Court, Opinion Evidence, Overreach, Panel, Parallel Jurisdiction, Paramount, Parol Evidence, Permanent Alimony, Petition, , Plead, Poundage, Praecipe, Prayer, Precedent, Precinct, Preside, Presumption, Privy Council, Probation, Procedure, Process, Prohibition, Prothonotary, Qualify, Quasi Realty, Queen's Bench, Queen's Counsel, Reasonable Doubt, Rebellion, Receiver, Receiver's Certificate, Record, Court Of Record, Debts Of Record, Recorder, Recovery, Referee, Reference, Refuse, Rehearing, Judgment In Rem, Remand, Remit, Remittitur, Removal, Render, Rendition, Renvoi, Reports, Resolution, Writ Of Restitution, Retaining Lien, Return, Reversal, Review, Right, Rogatory Letters, , Ruling, Satisfaction Piece, Scintilla Doctrine, , Secondary Evidence, Secta, Security, Self-serving Declaration, Semble, Sentence, Sequestration, Session, Court Of, Sheriff Sale, Show Cause, Silverplatter Doctrine, , Sit In Banc, Sittings Of A Court, Small Claims Court, Special Appearance, Special Verdict, Stale, Stand, Star-chamber, , Stenographer, Sub Judice, Submit, Subpoena, , Summons, Superior Court, Supreme Court, Surprise, Surrogate Court, Tacking, Tales, Talesman, Temporary Alimony, Tender, , Testimony, Tipstaff, Transcript, Transitory Action, Tribunal, Trustee.

Translate Court from English to Spanish

Translation of Court, with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Juez and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Court Is Adjourned from English to Spanish

Translation of Court Is Adjourned, with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Se levanta la sesión and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Court Is In Recess from English to Spanish

Translation of Court Is In Recess, with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Se levanta la sesión and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Open Court from English to Spanish

Translation of Open Court , with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Audiencia pública and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Permission of the Court from English to Spanish

Translation of Permission of the Court , with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Con el permiso del juez and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Represents to the Court from English to Spanish

Translation of Represents to the Court, with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Asevera ante el juez and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Unless Otherwise Ordered By the Court from English to Spanish

Translation of Unless Otherwise Ordered By the Court, with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Siempre y cuando el juez no dispusiere lo contrario and other legal terms is available here.

Translate Trial Court from English to Spanish

Translation of Trial Court , with examples. More about free online translation into Spanish of Tribunal de primera instancia and other legal terms is available here.

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Court in the Dictionary Court in our legal dictionaries
Browse the Legal Thesaurus Find synonyms and related words of Court
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Legal Answers (Q&A) A community-driven knowledge creation process, of enduring value to a broad audience
Related topics Court in the World Encyclopedia of Law


Notice

This definition of Court is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary . This entry needs to be proofread.

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http://legaldictionary.lawin.org/court/ The URI of Court (more about URIs)

English Spanish Translation of Court

Court of law Tribunal de justicia

Find other English to Spanish translations from the Pocket Spanish English Legal Dictionary (print and online), the English to Spanish to English dictionaries (like Court) and the Word reference legal translator.

Resources

See Also

  • Law Dictionaries.
  • Courtroom Television Network; Internet.

    conflict of laws.

    court system in the United States for a fuller discussion of this topic.

    the ball is in someone's court, a friend at court.

  • Further Reading

    See H. Potter, Historical Introduction to English Law and Its Institutions (4th ed. 1958, repr. 1969); L. Mayers, The American Legal System (rev. ed. 1964); R. M. Jackson, The Machinery of Justice in England (5th ed. 1967); M. Shapiro, Courts: A Comparative Political Analysis (1986); E. C. Surrency, History of the Federal Courts (1987); J. L. Waldman and K. M. Holland, The Political Role of Law Courts in Modern Democracies (1988).

    Synonyms and Definition Contents

    Cite this entry

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    "Court" legaldictionary.lawin.org. 05, 2013. Accesed 10 2014. http://legaldictionary.lawin.org/court
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    This entry was last modified: May 12, 2013

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    Court in other Legal Encyclopedias



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    Court Court Topic in the World Legal Wiki Encyclopedia
    Court Court Topic in the European Legal Wiki Encyclopedia
    Court Court Topic in the American Legal Wiki Encyclopedia
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